Characteristics of Lepoglava Bobbin Lace
Bobbin lace was brought to the city of Lepoglava by the Order of the First Hermit in the 15th century. Hundreds of years of history and creativity have enriched the original style and patterns, to form the unique design of today’s Lepoglava lace.
Bobbin Lace Color and Design
With the appearance of the Order of the First Hermit monks in the fifteenth century, the bobbin lace weave was brought into Lepoglava. At this time during the European Renaissance , art works abandoned the use of gorgeous colors, returning to the heavy use of white and beige. The original color weaving thread used in lace art products fully met the needs of the time. For a time, the women of Lepoglava learned the skills of bobbin lace, and started lace knitting, using it in clothing and various living goods.
Hundreds of years of transmission continued, and at the end of the nineteenth century, Danica Brössler, who combined the famous folk motifs of that time with elements of the Baroque period, improved the lace products Artistic achievement. The women who followed her at that time worked diligently to show her creativity perfectly, laying the foundation for the unique design of Lepoglava lace.
Knitting Tools and Patterns
The technology for weaving bobbin lace and its pattern features include the following:
- Manufacturing tools: Weaving with a tap (or bobbin).
- Weaving method: First, fix the pattern template on a solid round base. The weaving thread is wound in the groove on the upper end of the cylindrical bobbin. The bobbin is connected in pairs with the same thread and hung on the round needle at the starting point of knitting. Hang a pair of bobbin at the fixed point on the edge, and two pairs of bobbin at the other fixed points, and then weave the threads together in the way of bobbin 1 to 4. As the weaving work proceeds, the knitted thread is inserted. The round pin is fixed, and the pin position depends on the pattern. The background linear texture weaving usually uses two pairs of bobbins. Depending on the complexity and density of the theme pattern, up to ten or even dozens of bobbins can work at the same time. Finally, each pattern is completed in the dense or sparse weaving of the weaving thread.
- Lace material: white and beige linen or cotton thread.
- Themed motifs: geometric and normalized patterns of flowers and animals. The common themes are zigzag stems, snails, spiral lines, crescents (small horns), tulips, roses, poppies, primroses, rose leaves, oak trees, leaves, flowers, flowers with stems and leaves, ivy, acorns, grape bunches, vines, clover, pine cones, lions, butterflies, birds, eagles, etc.
- Pattern background and filling design: webbing-braided line, looped webbing-winding line, spider web, honeycomb, laminated honeycomb, square, K letter, diagonal webbing and other linear patterns.
- Products: Small flaky ribbons of various sizes in round, oval and rectangular forms.
Watch the Lepoglava lace weaving video (Credit: Croatian TV):